Comparison of the different feature selection measures applied to the NMR candida 2 data (3A). Multivariate feature importance measures can select variables that are discarded by univariate measures (3B). Fig. 3A, from top to bottom: Gini importance, absolute values; Gini importance, ranked values, p-values from t-test, ranked values. Fig. 3B: Feature importance scores below (black: Gini importance, gray: t-test). Perhaps surprisingly, regions with complete overlap of the marginal distributions (3B bottom, indicated by vertical lines), are assigned importance by the multivariate measure (3B top). This is indicative of higher-order interaction effects which can be exploited when used as a feature importance measure with a subsequent classifier.