TFIIA gamma sequences from Plasmodium (UniProtKB Q8I4S7_PLAF7) and Arabidopsis (UniProtKB T2AG_ARATH) were aligned with Blastp and Smith-Waterman methods. Statistics were computed following the Karlin-Altschul model (as implemented in the Blastp algorithm) or the Lipman-Pearson Z-value model. The upper bound for the P-value based on the TULIP theorem is given following the formula: T-value = 1/Z-value2. The P-value deduced from the Z-value Gumbel distribution was computed following the model presented here. Substitution matrices were either BLOSUM62, or the asymmetric DirAtPf100 matrix specified for Plasmodium vs. Arabidopsis comparisons. NA: not applicable.