Skip to main content

Table 1 Examples of lexical surface realizations of hedging

From: Recognizing speculative language in biomedical research articles: a linguistically motivated perspective

Feature Type Examples
Modal auxiliaries may, might, could, would, should
Epistemic judgment verbs suggest, indicate, speculate, believe, assume
Epistemic evidential verbs appear, seem
Epistemic deductive verbs conclude, infer, deduce
Epistemic adjectives likely, probable, possible
Epistemic adverbs probably, possibly, perhaps, generally
Epistemic nouns possibility, suggestion