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Table 1 Results of tree and network analyses of observed and simulated data for microhylid frogs and influenza virus strains. Tree cost values are the minimum of the display tree set. The simulated result procedures,“COM,” “SEP,” and “IND” are defined in the text. Values of in “Penalty” and “Network” signify that there was at least one “unused” edge in the network

From: Phylogenetic network analysis as a parsimony optimization problem

Tree, network, and penalty costs
Data set Scenario Observed COM SEP IND
Microhylids Tree 3962 3535 3695 4076
  Softwired 3939 3535 3695 3964
  Penalty 32.64 83.59
  Network 3971.64 4047.59
Influenza Virus Tree 10272 8443 9169 9092
  Softwired 9935 8443 9169 8775
  Penalty 324.59 270.56
  Network 10259.59 9045.56