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Table 8 Case Study: Bold text: ground-truth entity; Underlined text: model prediction

From: Multitask learning for biomedical named entity recognition with cross-sharing structure

Main dataset: Ex-PTM Auxiliary dataset: BioNLP09
Case 1 STM The myristoylation of Nef and its membrane localization were essential for these effects.
  CS-MTM The myristoylation of Nef and its membrane localization were essential for these effects.
  Auxiliary data Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef protein inhibits NF-kappa B induction in human T cells.
Description The training data of auxiliary dataset directly provides entity information about Nef protein.
Main dataset: Ex-PTM Auxiliary dataset: BioNLP09
Case 2 STM Vitamin K deficiency is a relatively common condition in neonates.
  CS-MTM Vitamin K deficiency is a relatively common condition in neonates.
  Auxiliary data Ascorbic acid (ascorbate or vitamin C) has been shown to suppress the induction of HIV in...
   In conclusion, we demonstrate that the vitamin E derivative TCP succinate prevents monocytic...
Description The training data of auxiliary dataset indirectly provides information that Vitamin is not protein.
Main dataset: Linnaeus Auxiliary dataset: BC5CDR
Case 3 STM He slept well at night, ate more than his mother thought was good for him, and was able to...
  CS-MTM He slept well at night, ate more than his mother thought was good for him, and was able to...
  Auxiliary data During the night clomipramine ingestion altered the complete sleep architecture in that it suppressed REM sleep and the sleep cycles and induced increased wakefulness.
Description The training data of auxiliary dataset directly provides information that sleep don’t belong to species.