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Table 6 Average speed in CUI concept pairs per second (pairs/s) for the evaluation of random CUI pairs with three representative ontology-based similarity measures based on the SNOMED-CT US 2019AB ontology (357,406 nodes) implemented by the three UMLS-based semantic measures libraries reported in the literature

From: HESML: a real-time semantic measures library for the biomedical domain with a reproducible survey

Similarity measure UMLS::Similarity SML HESML
  Avg. speed (pairs/s) Avg. speed (pairs/s) Avg. speed (pairs/s)
Rada [71] 0.122 (15) xxx 0.041 (15)
AncSPL-Rada
(this work)
30110 \((10^7)\)
Lin-Seco [87, 110] 0.744 (500) 202160 \((10^7)\) 491942 \((10^7)\)
Wu-Palmer\(_{fast}\) [72] 0.035 (15) 435252 \((10^7)\)
  1. Best performing values are shown in bold. Non-implemented methods (–) or more than 1 h/pair (xxx). UMLS::Similarity uses caching for the shortest path computations. The number of random CUI pairs evaluated to measure each value is shown between parentheses