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Table 4 Nearest neighbor performance (10-fold cross-validation error, %)

From: Efficient alignment-free DNA barcode analytics

Dataset Spectrum Hamming Kimura Smith-Waterman
ACG 2.49 ± 0.87 11.44 ± 1.52 5.51 ± 0.86 3.66 ± 0.66
Hesperiidae 3.57 ± 1.08 14.49 ± 2.36 3.81 ± 1.26 5.45 ± 1.20
Astraptes 1.07 ± 1.81 3.61 ± 2.77 1.71 ± 1.96 1.64 ± 1.03
Bats Guyana 1.63 ± 1.22 2.72 ± 1.83 1.63 ± 1.22 1.63 ± 1.22
Birds of North America 6.22 ± 1.50 18.38 ± 2.05 6.02 ± 1.36 8.20 ± 1.53
Fish Australia 5.50 ± 3.27 5.87 ± 4.01 5.35 ± 3.36 5.35 ± 3.36
Fish larvae 2.86 11.43 8.57 5.71
  1. leave-one-out validation error is reported