p-values obtained for polyphyletic evolution hit region detection (a) Positive selection - Variable hit region inside conserved context. Quartile distribution of p-values obtained for the function . Variable hit region is always maintained at a scaling factor of 1. Abscissa represents scaling factor of the conserved context in which the variable hit region resides. Values close to 0 represent conservation (maximum discrimination), while values close to 1 represent variability (identical to context). Ordinate represents p-values in log-scale. Horizontal dashed line represents the significance threshold of 0.05. (b) Lineage specific selection - Heterogeneous hit region inside neutral context. Quartile distribution of p-values obtained for the function . Context is always maintained at a scaling factor of 0.5, simulating neutral evolution. Abscissa represents difference in scaling factors among the two lineages present in the hit region. Values close to 0 represent homogeneous evolutionnary speed (similar to the neutral context in which it resides), while values close to 1 represent divergence among these lineages, and from the neutral context. Horizontal dashed line represents significance threshold of 0.05.