A scanned image of an illustrative cDNA microarray. The configuration (layout of spots) can be described via a previously defined notation encompassing four numbers (ngr, ngc, nsr, nsc) . A print-tip (PT) group is a set of spots arranged in a grid with "nsr" rows and "nsc" columns. A microarray is a set of PT groups arranged in a pattern of "ngr" rows and "ngc" columns. The configuration of the microarray shown is (ngr = 2, ngc = 2, nsr = 24, nsc = 24), i.e., 2 × 2 PT groups each composed of 24 × 24 spots. The terms "local" and "global" level refer to the spots in a PT group and the entire microarray respectively.