Empirical Bayesian selection of hypothesis testing procedures for analysis of digital gene expression data
BMC Bioinformatics volume 14, Article number: A21 (2013)
Differential expression analysis of digital gene expression data involves performing a large number of hypothesis tests that compare the expression count data of each gene or transcript across two or more biological conditions. The assumptions of any specific hypothesis-testing method will probably not be valid for each of a very large number of genes. Thus, computational evaluation of assumptions should be incorporated into the analysis to select an appropriate hypothesis-testing method for each gene.
Materials and methods
Here, we generalize earlier work to introduce two novel procedures that use estimates of the empirical Bayesian probability (EBP) of overdispersion to select or combine results of a standard Poisson likelihood ratio test and a quasi-likelihood test for each gene. These EBP-based procedures simultaneously evaluate the Poisson-distribution assumption and account for multiple testing. With adequate power to detect overdispersion, the new procedures select the standard likelihood test for each gene with Poisson-distributed counts and the quasi-likelihood test for each gene with overdispersed counts.
The new procedures outperformed previously published methods in many simulation studies. We also present a real-data analysis example and discuss how the framework used to develop the new procedures may be generalized to further enhance performance.
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Pounds, S., Gao, C. Empirical Bayesian selection of hypothesis testing procedures for analysis of digital gene expression data. BMC Bioinformatics 14 (Suppl 17), A21 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-14-S17-A21